Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 234-239 October-December 2016

 

DETECTION OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT BACTERIA IN FINAL EFFLUENT FROM WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT

 

Basri Z. D. M.*, Wahid M. A.1 and Chua A. L.2

1. Faculty of Civil Engineering, University Technology MARA, Shah Alam, Seangor (MALAYSIA)
2. Faculty of Medicine, University Technology MARA, Sg. Buloh, Selangor (MALAYSIA)

 

Received on : April 21, 2016

 

ABSTRACT

 

Antibiotic has been used since a few decades ago. However, overprescribed and misused of antibiotic need to be concerned due to its effects on human health. When the bacteria become resistance to certain antibiotics, so called multidrugs resistant bacteria had been reported. The antibiotic resistant bacteria may transfer their resistance to other bacteria and sometimes directly infect the humans with bacterial diseases that cannot be treated with the same antibiotics. They were mostly detected in wastewater originates from a few resources includes wastewater treatment plant, sewage treatment plant, hospital, aquaculture, agriculture, and run-off. In respect to that, this study was initiated to study the wastewater in final effluent from wastewater treatment plant. Salmonella, Shigella, E.coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were detected from treated wastewater with 3.16X103, 3.5X103, 5.43X103, and 2.55X103 cfu/mL in concentration, respectively. From the detected pathogenic bacteria, a total of 252 isolates were tested against six antibiotics namely erythromycin (E15), amoxicillin (AML10), cephalexin (CL30), penicillin G (P10), cloxacillin (OB5) and ampicillin (AMP10) using Kirby-Bauer Method. The results showed the multidrug resistant bacteria were existed in treated wastewater from wastewater treatment plant

 

Keywords : Antibiotic resistant bacteria, Treated wastewater, Final effluent, Wastewater treatment plant

 

 

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