Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 360-370 October-December 2016

 

Review Paper (NS-II)
GROUND WATER QUALITY OF INDIA : STATUS AND CHALLENGES

 

Nirbhavane G.*1 and Khobragade K.2

1. Department of Environmental Science, Dr. Ambedkar College of Commerce and Economics, Wadala, Mumbai (INDIA)
2. Department of Environmental Science, S.B.E.S. College of Science, Aurangabad, Maharashtra (INDIA)

 

Received on : October 15, 2015

 

ABSTRACT

 

Our mother Earth is the only known planet on which water exists. Without water it is not possible to survive on the Earth. The fresh water on Earth is distributed in glaciers, rivers, lakes and groundwater. Groundwater is the major source for drinking, agricultural and industrial use. It plays a very important role in meeting the water demand of Indians as well as world population. But day by day this important source gets depleted due to manmade activities. The rapid growth of urban areas and industrialization has affected the groundwater quality which leads to over exploitation of this important resource. Groundwater pollution is more complicated than surface water pollution. Animal wastes, subsurface discharges from latrines, septic tanks and infiltration of polluted urban run-off and sewage where sewerage does not exists, these are some sources of diffuse groundwater pollution in developing countries including India. Diffuse sources can affect entire aquifers, which is difficult to control and treat. Most of the groundwater quality problems are difficult to detect and hard to resolve. Solutions to such problems is very expensive, time consuming and not always effective. Therefore there is an urgent need to give attention on this important source to avoid further groundwater pollution problem. An alarming picture is beginning to emerge in many parts of our country. Groundwater quality is slowly declining everywhere. Groundwater pollution is difficult to detect, as problem may be concealed below the surface, monitoring is costly and time consuming.

 

Keywords : Groundwater, Industrialization, Urbanization, Aquifer, Pollution

 

 

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