Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 371-380 October-December 2016
Review Paper (NS-III)
KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, PRACTICE AND TOXICITY SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH PESTICIDE EXPOSURE AMONG FARM WORKERS IN JALGAON, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA
Suryawanshi M. N.* and Patil P. R.
School of Environmental and Earth Sciences, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon, Maharashtra (INDIA)
Received on : April 16, 2016
Present investigation was undertaken to study the extent of pesticides use and farmerís knowledge of pesticides and their use on the field. A survey was conducted among 100 farmers who were interviewed concerning pesticide usage patterns in vegetable production area in Jalgaon district, Maharashtra, India from December 2015 to February 2016. The research has exposed some of experience of overuse, misuse and abuse of pesticides among farmers. Data was collected by means of structured questionnaire with personal interviews. It was observed that about 36% farmers use the mixture of pesticides to control the two or more pest attacks on vegetables. Majority of farmers are aware about the knowledge of half-life, withholding period (84%) and residual persistence of pesticides (77%). After spraying, the main problem of disposal of empty container, the 62% farmers threw the empty containers in field. The major source of information to farmers on the selection of insecticide was through consulting dealers (49%) and 21% were consulted from other farmers. The 72% farmers safely stored the insecticide to avoid any accident. Due to lack of Knowledge, illiteracy and not received any training during spraying, 87% of the respondents did not use any safety measures. As a result of such compromised pesticide handling and spraying application, more than 45% had the problem of itching of eyes and blurred vision and 46% had vomiting, dizziness and other health hazards.
Keywords : Pesticide, Questionnaire, Vegetable production, Farmers knowledge, Protective measures