Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 408-416 October-December 2016
PERSONALITY DIMENSIONS AS DETERMINANTS OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AMONG SELECTED NURSES IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA
Ibikunle I. O.* and Olutope A. E.
Department of Behavioural Studies, Redemerís University, Ede Osun (NIGERIA)
Received on : April 17, 2016
Emotional intelligence to date has been a more discussed concept among professionals and Personality has been found to have significant influence on emotional intelligence among professionals. Little is known about emotional intelligence in health sector especially among nurses in Nigeria. This area of study does not receive adequate research attention by occupational psychopathology researchers. This study was set out to bridge this gap in knowledge by investigating the influence of dimension of personality traits on emotional intelligence of selected nurses in Nigeria. The study adopted a hospital based exploratory survey that adopts a cross sectional design. 615 nurses practicing in general, orthopaedic and psychiatric hospital were purposely selected. Big Five Inventory (BFI) and Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQSF) were used for the assessment. Standard Multiple Regression method was used for the statistical analysis. The results revealed that the traits of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness to experience jointly predict emotional intelligence. (F(5, 610) = 157472.63, P<.001). It further reveals that extraversion significantly and independently predict emotional intelligence among nurses (B = .40; T = 16.16, p<001). Also, agreeableness significantly and independently predicts emotional intelligence among nurses (B = .30; T = 13.84, p<001). Conscientiousness does not independently predict emotional intelligence among nurses (B = -.07; T = 3.45, p<.01). Neuroticism significantly and independently predict emotional intelligence among nurses (B = 1.08; T = 48.91, p<001). Openness to experience significantly and independently predict emotional intelligence among nurses (B = 1.33, T = 69.40, p<001). Human capacity development intervention programme geared towards emotional healthiness of nurses is recommended so that adequate planning intervention programmes will be available for nurses with low level of emotional intelligence.
Keywords : Emotional intelligence, Personality dimensions, Nurses, Development, Adequate