Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 439-449 October-December 2016
DIFFERENCES OF PROTECTIVE CHALLENGES POSED BY NATURAL AND ARTIFICIALLY MOTIVATED ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS TO OBLIGATI- ONS IN ARTICLE 11 OF THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
School of Law and Politics, Research Cardiff University, Wales (U.K.)
Received on : April 16, 2016
In recent years, mankind has seen horrific incidents of natural and man made disasters causing forced migration and internal displacement. Examples of those natural environmental disasters to mankind include: earthquakes, floods, storms, hurricanes, landslides among many others. Man made disastrous include armed conflict violence. Both of these situations are symbolling examples of incidents that constitute humanitarian emergencies which more than often attract humanitarian attention through triggering humanitarian aid and humanitarian intervention for rescue or call for different forms of life saving measures. This paper is evaluating why reaction, how the responsiveness, conduct and the accountability of states parties may vary in the event of dealing with natural environmental disasters in comparison to mankind disasters such as civil wars. That is from being reactive to and becoming passive actors in some of the situations envisaged under Article 11 of the CRPD. This piece also notes attempts of the Human Rights Council to give some explanatory clarity to the above Article on 30 November 2015 under A/HRC/31/30. The paper concludes by making recommendations in terms of improving the better protecting of vulnerable groups such as persons with disabilities, in the event of forced migrations triggered by natural and man made environmental emergencies.
Keywords : Disability, Natural, Humanitarian emergencies, Forced migration, Armed conflict