Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 500-510 January-March 2017
WATER SAFETY PLAN AT CONSUMER LEVEL : AN INITIATIVE IN HALASURU, BENGALURU, INDIA
Jeya Prakash P., Sreenivas V., Dash P. P., Chandrakala B. S., Prakash N.*, Vinaya Kumar K. H., Vipin S. and Kakkar R.
Centre for lake conservation, Environmental management and policy research institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka (INDIA)
Received on : December 1, 2016
Water Safety Plan (WSP) is a holistic and systematic risk management tool designed to deliver safe drinking water by ensuring that it will meet the prescribed standards at consumer end. WSP will be implemented through ten steps from identification of hazardous events to validation of control measures to mitigate or prevent the hazards in the water supply system. The pilot study was conducted in Halasuru (Ward No.90), Bengaluru, India at the consumer level through a questioner interaction. The sample size of the consumer was estimated as 105 consumers, using the Epi Info software. Both the residential and commercial Cauvery water connection consumers were interacted to know the water hygiene practice, opinion concerning to water quality and health status pertaining to waterborne diseases etc., the pilot study exposes that about 93% of the supplied drinking water is not safe without household treatment due to the aesthetic quality and 50% of the consumer storage tanks were not clean. Further unhygienic practices while collecting and storing drinking water, uncleaned tank, lead pipes and brass faucets in the old building has provided the place for the proliferation of contamination in water at the consumer end, which has led to several health hazards due to lack of awareness about water hygienic practices. Control measures were recommended to mitigate and prevent the hazardous events and hazards at consumer level through supportive and awareness programme on water hygiene and storage practices to mitigate the outbreak of waterborne diseases. Further, the treated drinking water supplier should also periodically monitor and maintain the water supply system, to provide safe drinking water to the Bengaluru consumers.
Keywords : Safe drinking water, Hazardous event, Control measures, Mitigate contamination