Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 636-642 January-March 2017


Review Paper (SS-I)


Bhalla A.*, Bhangu J. K.1 and Singh M.2

1. Department of Management and Humanities, SLIET, Longowal, Punjab (INDIA)
2. Department of PG Studies, Punjabi University Regional Centre, Bathinda, Punjab (INDIA)


Received on : November 15, 2016




The purpose of this paper is to study toxic consciousness in Margaret Atwood?s The Handmaidís Tale (1985). Toxic consciousness depicts a change from a culture defined by its production to a culture defined by its waste. This paper endeavors to critically evaluate how the toxic landscape in the novel portrays the contamination of nature. It also attempts to study how it changes the human connection with the Earth. The Toxic consciousness in Atwood?s The Handmaidís Tale prominently reverberates Carson?s Silent Spring and at the same time represents the practical toxic disasters that happened in the 1970s and 1980s. This paper as well attempts to investigate how this dystopian work of fiction envisions the kind of moral principles that might emerge if ecological pollution makes human kind sterile. Atwood aspires to extend the message that every aspect of ecological ruin, destruction and toxicity will lead to severe danger to the generations to come.


Keywords : Culture, Dystopia, Environment, Nature, Toxic consciousness, Toxic disasters