Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 672-679 April-June2017

 

PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME PONDS AND HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF LabeoRohita INHABITING THESE PONDS OF DISTRICT LUDHIANA, PUNJAB, INDIA

 

Kaur Harpinder* and Hundal S. S.

Department of Zoology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, (INDIA)

 

Received on : November 12, 2016

 

ABSTRACT

 

In India, fresh water bodies particularly ponds form the lifeline of Indian villages. Freshwater bodies are highly dynamic ecological pockets and their water quality ensures their healthy food chain. The present study was carried out to analyze the physico-chemical parameters of pond water of three different sites from July 2016 to March 2017. The haematological parametersviz.haemoglobin (Hb), total erythrocyte count (TEC) and total leucocyte count (TLC) of Labeorohitainhabiting these ponds were also analyzed duringautumn and winter. The naturally occurring ponds of villages Kila Raipur and Lohatbaddiwere selected as study sites and Fish Farm Complex in Guru AngadDev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (GADVASU) served as control site.Surface water samples were collected and tested for the regular parameters oftemperature, pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), free CO2, total alkalinity and chlorides using standard methods as described by APHA. The temperature ranged from 13.80.03 to 33.60.15C, pH: 7.00.10 to 7.80.18, EC: 5.860.01 to 8.630.05, DO: 2.500.36 to 4.700.14, BOD: 24.02.31 to 126.304.48, free CO2 nil to 19.363.85, total alkalinity: 94.70.67 to 184.32.60 and chlorides: 15.50.15 to 24.60.17.The Hb ranged from 4.030.29 to 8.730.18, TEC: 1.840.06 to 3.330.07 and TLC: 10.230.35 to 12.770.20.Results of physico-chemical parameters revealed that the ponds of two villages were highly polluted as obtained values of BOD and free CO2 were significantly higher and values of DO were lower than the permisible limits given by Bhatnagar and Devi1.The haematological indices of TEC and Hbwere found to exhibit significant decline whereas TLC depicted significant increase in all fishes inhabiting the ponds of two villages. These variations in values from the control suggest strongly that polluted water bodies have a detrimental effect on the fish growth.

 

Keywords : Aquatic bodies, Haematological indices, Physico-chemical parameters, Pond water

 

 

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