Volume No. 12 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 249-263 January-March 2018

 

RADIOLOGICAL IMPACTS OF NORM AND POLY ARO-MATIC HYDROCARBON IN PETROLEUM INDUSTRY PROCESS ON MARINE ECOSYSTEM AT THE RED SEA, EGYPT

 

Zakaria Kh. M.

Nuclear and Radiological Regulatory Authority, Nasr City 11762, Cairo (EGYPT)

 

Received on : September 20, 2017

 

ABSTRACT

 

This study was designed to realized the hazardous effects on marine ecosystem ,and assess the impacts of (NORM) 238U, 232Th, and 40K radioactivity and Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in petroleum industry at red sea coastline in Abu Zenima and Abu Rudeis sites. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) individuals Naphthalene, Acenaphthalene, Acenaphthylene, Fluorene, phenanthrene and Fluoranthene were analysed with HPLC with fluorescence detection for sea water, sediments and marine organisms Bivalves , coral reef and starfish. HPGe gamma ray spectrometric technique used for measured The238U, 232Th, and 40K radioactivity concentration in sea water, sediments and marine organisms Bivalves , coral reef and starfish in both Abu Zenima and Abu Rudeis sites. The data revealed an increase in the 238U, 232Th, and 40K and (PAHs) individuals for sea water, sediments and marine organisms Bivalves , coral reef and starfish in Abu Zenima and Abu Rudeis sites respectively as compared to international maximum allowable concentrations. On the other hand,238U, 232Th, and 40K and (PAHs) individuals for sea water, sediments and marine organismsBivalves , coral reef and starfish were recorded higher concentration levels in Abu Zenima sitesthan Abu Rudeis sites. The data revealed an increase in concentration of (NORM) 238U, 232Th and 40K and PAHs individuals for starfish and coral reef than bivalves marine organisms for both Abu Zenima and Abu Rudeis sites respectively as compared to international maximum allowable concentrations.

 

Keywords : NORM, Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbon, Petroleum Industry, Radiological Impacts, Marine ecosystem

 

 

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