Volume No. 12 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 351-358 January-March 2018

 

FOREST DEPENDENCY OF PERIPHERAL COMMUNIT-IES : AN EMPIRICAL STUDY IN THE FRINGE OF LAOKHOWA AND BURHACHAPORI WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES IN ASSAM, INDIA

 

Das Kulen Chandra and Dutta Mrinal Kanti*

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Guwahati (INDIA)

 

Received on : September 20, 2017

 

ABSTRACT

 

Use of and dependency on common pool resources by fringe communities is almost a universal practice. While the common pool resources supplement the livelihood of the fringe communities, indiscriminate use of it also subjects the resources into tremendous pressure. Forest, a form of common resource, is an important ecosystem that plays a very critical role in the survival of human and other life forms on Earth. Studies have shown that heavy reliance of the peripheral people on the provisioning services of forest has a serious long term environmental implication. The present study is an attempt to estimate the composition of various provisioning services of forest into the income of peripheral people taking the case of Laokhowa and Burhachapori Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam. It has also attempted to quantify the income share of the sanctuaries to the total household income of these people. Using primary data collected from 302 fringe households, the study finds significant dependency of the fringe villagers on the forest. About 28 percent of the household income of the respondents is found to have originated from forest resources. The regression analysis carried out to examine the determinants of forest dependency has found the age of the household head, education, distance from the forest, land holding size andsize of the cattle population as important determinants of forest dependency.

 

Keywords : Common pool resource, Provisioning services, Forest dependency, Peripheral community, Subsistence livelihood

 

 

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