Volume No. 13 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 20-25 July-September 2018

 

MODELS OF DISABILITY AS AN ANALYTICAL TOOL FOR REPRESENTING DISABILITY AND FRAMING OF RELATED OBLIGATIONS IN THE 1977 STATE REPORTS TO THE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE

 

Mugabi I.K

School of Law and Politics, Research Cardiff University, Wales (U.K.)

 

Received on : December 29, 2017

 

ABSTRACT

 

This papers is designed to use models of disability in examining the manner in which the 1977 State Reports to the Human Rights Committee conceive aspects of disability and the manner in which those conceptions informed the framing of disability related obligations at the time. The paper shall initially justify why models have been perceived as analytical lenses. The medical, social and individual models are the models whose theoretical underpinnings are used to examine the state reports. The paper uses the divergent approaches from models of disability in order to demonstrate how the differences in the presentation of disability as either a consequential attribute of a medical impairment or an outcome of a social construction leads distinctive framing of obligations that States entities expect to be rendered to persons with disabilities. For instance the framing of obligations as mere provision of medical needs rather than accessibility to health rights are a result of the theory underpinning of a model of disability that States are applying or replying upon in reporting about their conceived obligations to persons with disabilities as understood in 1977. The paper is also using State reports of 1977 as a reflection upon historical sources that predate the Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) with a view of understandingthe evolutionary history of the presenttrends in disability rights.

 

Keywords : Models of Disability, 1977 State Reports, Human Rights Committee

 

 

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