Volume No. 13 Issue No.: 02 Page No.: 97-107 October-December 2018

 

CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY IN DACOPE UPAZILA, BANGLADESH

 

Md. Abdur Razzaque*, Muhammed Alamgir1 and Md. Mujibor Rahman2

1. Department of Civil Engineering, Khulna University of Engineering & Technology, Khulna (BANGLADESH)
2. Environmental Science Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, (BANGLADESH)

 

Received on : December 20, 2017

 

ABSTRACT

 

Bangladesh, one of the least developed countries, is the most highly vulnerable to climate change. The communities of the southwest coastal Bangladesh are in greater threat than any other regions of the country. There have been very few studies regarding vulnerability assessment in this region which can help the climate change mitigation and development of the southwest Bangladesh. This study was aimed to assess the climate change vulnerability of Dacope upazila of Bangladesh and analyze the factor behind the vulnerability components. Additionally,it was intended to visualize the relative vulnerability of different unions in GIS environment. Integrated assessment approach was used to determine the union level vulnerability. From analysis of all the identified indicators the study found Banishanta (0.97), Kamarkhola (0.97) and Sutarkhali (1.13) highly vulnerable due to their low adaptive capacity (0.31 for all). On the contrary, lower level of vulnerability is found in Dacope (0.52) and Chalna (0.37) unions with relatively higher adaptive capacity (0.50 and 0.67). Adaptive capacity was found the most influential (correlation coefficient of -0.723) components of vulnerability. The present study can be useful in addressing proper measures to increase adaptation and mitigation of climate change in SW coastal Bangladesh.

 

Keywords : Climate change, Vulnerability, Exposure, Sensitivity, Adaptive Capacity, Coastal Bangladesh

 

 

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