Volume No. 13 Issue No.: 02 Page No.: 154-159 October-December 2018

 

PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZATION POTENTIAL OF FUNGI ISOLATED FROM MAIZE (Zea mays)

 

Choudhary Uzma, Vyas Alka1 and Vyas Harish*2

1. School of Studies in Microbiology, Vikram University, Ujjain (INDIA)
2. Department of Botany, Government Kalidas Girls College, Ujjain (INDIA)

 

Received on : February, 08, 2018

 

ABSTRACT

 

Maize is one of the important cereal crops of the world. It has many nutritional properties and is used as food, fodder and also as raw material for various industries. In India, it is the third most important cereal crop after rice and wheat. Phosphate is the essential element required for growth of all plants. In soil approximately 95% of the phosphate is present as insoluble phosphates which cannot be utilized by the plants. Thus, it is important in agriculture to solubilize the phosphate and make it available to plants for good crop growth and productivity. In our study, we have isolated fungi from different parts of maize and measured their phosphate solubilizing potential. We have identified many cultures of Aspergillus sp. and Penicillium sp. which have very high phosphate solubilizing activity. These cultures are very useful as they have the ability to solubilize insoluble and fixed form of phosphorus and release it, so that it is freely available for growth of plants. These cultures can be used as bio-fertilizers for improving crop growth and productivity in maize. Thus, application of these fungi in soil will be a step towards sustainable agriculture and will help in improving soil health and production of maize.

 

Keywords : Phosphate solubilizing activity, Maize, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Sustainable agriculture, Fungi

 

 

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