Volume No. 13 Issue No.: 03 Page No.: 256-262 January-March 2019

 

LIMNOLOGICAL STUDY OF SHAHPURA LAKE, BHO-PAL, INDIA AND ITS IMPACT ON GROUND WATER QUALITY OF NEARBY HUMAN HABITATION

 

Pandey S. C.* and Sharma A. K.

Research and analysis wing, Global earth Society for Environmental Energy and Development, Bhopal (INDIA)

 

Received on : March 25, 2018

 

ABSTRACT

 

Pollution of water bodies is one of the areas of major concern to environmentalists. The paper is intended to analyse the water quality by studying various physicochemical parameters of Shahpura Lake of Bhopal, India, situated in the heart of the city surrounded by the closed human habitation. Encroachment in surrounding areas is leading to improper waste disposal, dumping of garbage, entry of flowing untreated sewage as well as household and industrial effluents into the lake, leading to the deterioration of water quality. For estimation of pollution, a study was conducted during the period of pre-monsoon (March-May 2018) and post mansoon (October-December 2018) determine parameters such as nutrient salts, organic matters, pH, Conductivity, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Suspended Solid (SS), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and microbiological study. Samples were collected from four different locations (point sources) and all four sites of bore wells of adjacent colonies around the water body in question. By observing the results, it can be concluded that the parameters which were studied for the examination of water quality exceeded the permissible limit indicating water body as highly polluted and unsafe for aquatic ecosystem. This could also lead to the contamination of nearby ground water resources. The situation is alarming and therefore immediate action is required to provide healthy ecosystem in the lake and water quality of nearby ground water as well.

 

Keywords : Limnological study, Ecosystem, Dissolved Oxygen, Biological Oxygen Demand, Total Dissolved Solids

 

 

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