Volume No. 13 Issue No.: 04 Page No.: 300-311 April-June 2019




Mukhtar K. U.1, Ahmed A., Najib A.2 and Jibrin M. A.3

1. Department of Geography, Usman Danfodio University, Sokoto (NIGERIA)
2. Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano, (NIGERIA)
3. School of preliminary Studies, Sule Lamido University, Kafin Hausa, (NIGERIA)


Received on : December 20, 2018




Utilization of health care services is a product of many factors including demographic, socio-economic and location. This study assesses the factors in the utilization of health care services in Babura Local Government Area of Jigawa State, Nigeria. A total of 150 respondents were administered structured questionnaires. Purposive sampling method was used in which five health facilities were selected by virtue of their location and function give clear representation. These are the Babura General Hospital, Jigawa Model Primary Health Care Centre Kanya Primary Health Centre and Garu Primary Health Care Centre.Data collected were analyzed using nearest neighbor analysis, descriptive statistics and the chi-square to test the hypotheses. The result showed that health care facilities are not evenly distributed in the area, 30% of the respondents were women aged 15-24 years, and only 7% of the respondents attended both Islamic and Western education. While 30% of respondents were living on less than ? 35,000 per annum, about 52% of the respondents live between 0-5 km away from the nearest health facilities. The three hypotheses tested showed significant relationships between distance and health care utilization (X2= 207.692), literacy level and health care utilization (X2= 120.000) and Income level and health care utilization (X2 =257.143). The study concluded that distance to health facilities affects their utilization. The study recommends that government should ensure more even distribution of health facilities in the study area.


Keywords : GIS, Health care services, Health care facilities, Babura