Volume No. 6 Issue No.: 3A Page No.: 890-899 Jan-Mar 12




Naga Vamsi Krishna Jasti, Aditya Sharma* and Rambabu Kodali

Deaprtment of Mechanical Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani- Pilani Campus, (INDIA)


Received on : September 10, 2011




Today, the manufacturing companies worldwide are going through the major transformation in all the phases. The supply chain being the integral part of any manufacturing organization serves as a major change agent to impart any new initiatives. Due to the pressure from various agencies (government, customer, competitor, stakeholders), firms are encompassing the goal of going green. The authors suggest that lean philosophy can play crucial role in this by implementing complementary elements of green supply chain management. All the data related to raw materials and fuels are going in negative direction, thus forcing the companies to cut-short the wastes, resource usage and energy needed. The developing countries like India are facing the enormous pres- sure to check GHG emission, consumption of fuel and other resources. Various tools of lean principles can be blended with green philosophy to attain these challenges. The purpose of this research is to analyze and inves- tigate the relationship between lean and green supply chain strategies. It also tests the ways to implement it in Indian scenario to gain importance in global manufacturing and organizational stage. The case study approach has been used to show the applicability and success of lean tools to achieve sustainable supply chains. The case undertaken is of Indian steel company, where the data related to their inbound and outbound logistics is gath- ered. The data linked with vehicle movement inside the campus, the company layout, movement pattern and fuel consumption was collected. Then with the aim of maximizing space and material utilization, reduction of fuel consumption and wastes, increasing efficiency and improve response time, new methods are suggested. The study result shows the measurable improvement in availability and safety; reduction in vehicle crowding, cost incurred and pollution level; closure of unnecessary vehicle movement; lessen environmental impact and streamlined movement. The result from the study indicates that changing the layout could lead to saving of upto 60% vehicle movement. Final outcome of the research suggest the strong correlation between lean and green supply chains. Also the lean tools are nonpareil at dealing many vistas of fulfilling the GSCM goals.


Keywords : Green supply chain management, Lean supply chain management, Case study, Eco-efficiency, GSCM